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During the March

SATURDAY, MAY 4, 1963

On Saturday, protests began two hours earlier than they had on D-Day and Double D-Day. At 11:00 a.m., small groups of teenagers ambled out of Sixteenth Street Baptist Church and Apostolic Overcoming Holiness Church of God and meandered—apparently randomly—until about two-dozen of them converged at a predetermined spot. They all marched over to city hall, where they were arrested.

Meanwhile, about fifty other young people were dropped off in the white part of downtown, where they also began protests.

Once again, Connor ordered the doors of Sixteenth Street Baptist Church locked to prevent more protesters from hitting the streets.

A crowd of about three thousand adults had gathered in Kelly Ingram Park, across the street from Sixteenth Avenue Baptist Church. The spectators hurled rocks and bottles at the police, and the police sprayed the crowd with hoses. No one knows who acted first. Protest leader James Bevel instructed protesters to leave and the crowd dispersed.

King had timed the protests to take advantage of the deadlines for the nightly news programs. Footage of kids crammed into paddy wagons and bombarded by fire hoses roused national outrage and attracted the attention of the federal government. President Kennedy admitted that a picture of a police dog biting a young man made him feel sick, and he directed the U.S. attorney general to send a negotiator to Birmingham.

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