The Book The Book Order

Before the March

SEGREGATION

Segregation in Birmingham wasn’t just a way of life. It was the law. The city’s Racial Segregation Ordinances, adopted in 1944, demanded almost total separation of blacks and whites.

Theophilus Eugene Connor was nicknamed “Bull” because he bellowed like one. As commissioner of public safety, Bull Connor oversaw the police and fire departments in Birmingham.

Between the late 1940s and early 1960s, more than fifty black homes and churches in Birmingham were bombed. One neighborhood was hit so often, it was called “Dynamite Hill.” No one was ever prosecuted.

The Ku Klux Klan (KKK), a viciously racist organization, literally got away with murder in Birmingham, with the tacit permission and sometimes encouragement of Connor. And there were lots of Klansmen in town to carry out these despicable crimes.

Segregation | Government | Project C