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After the March


The results of what came to be known as the Children’s March (also the Children’s Crusade) resonated throughout the country. During the late spring and summer, nearly fifteen thousand demonstrators, most of them young people, took part in at least 758 nonviolent protests in 186 cities.

On June 11, 1963, Governor Wallace attempted to prevent two black students from enrolling at the University of Alabama by standing in the doorway to block their entrance. His grandstanding failed, however, and he was forced to step aside and let them enter.

A week later, President Kennedy submitted to Congress a civil rights bill that focused on voting rights, equal employment, and the desegregation of public accommodations, facilities, and schools. When he met with King and other Movement leaders at the White House several days later, the president acknowledged the impact of Birmingham’s children on the nation.

On August 28, 1963, the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom took place. Approximately 250,000 people participated. At the end of the program, King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech, parts of which he had rehearsed at a mass meeting at Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham the previous April.

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